Social Security Agreements




Social Security Agreements

Social security agreements are those concluded in order to protect and ensure the social security rights of the citizens and employees of the party countries on a reciprocal basis.

While the provisions may vary between countries, the following benefits generally arise when social security agreements come into force;

  • They ensure that the persons covered by the agreement are treated equally in terms of their social security rights and obligations.
  • They make it possible to combine the periods of service in the contracting countries in order to be entitled to the social security benefits provided for in the legislation of the parties.
  • The social security legislation to which employees of the other contracting party on a temporary basis, self-employed and located in the country of the other contracting party, members of the diplomatic mission and persons who are in the country of the other contracting party to perform public services will be subject is determined and thus reinsurance is prevented.
  • Pensions and/or incomes of those residing in the country of the other contracting party while receiving pension or income are also paid at the new place of residence.
  • In cases such as temporary residence, permanent residence or temporary work in another country, it is possible for an insured person of one contracting party to benefit from health benefits in the country of the other contracting party.
  • Medical tests/examinations of those receiving disability pension and residing on the other side are carried out by the social security institution of the place of residence.

Social Security Agreements to which Türkiye is a Party

In order to protect the rights and interests of Türkiye’s citizens working abroad, social security agreements have been signed between Türkiye and 35 countries so far. In addition to the social security agreements signed with 35 countries, a cooperation agreement in the field of social security was signed with Bulgaria for the payment of pensions in Türkiye, which should be paid according to the Laws of the Republic of Bulgaria, to the people who immigrated to the Republic of Türkiye after 1 May 1989. The social security agreements signed with 35 countries and the cooperation agreement signed with Bulgaria for the payment of Bulgarian pensions are as follows:

COUNTRIES Date of signature Date of Effect
1   GERMANY 30.04.1964 01.11.1965
2   ALBANIA 14.07.1998 01.02.2005
3   AUSTRIA 12.10.1966 01.10.1969
4   AZERBAIJAN 17.07.1998 09.08.2001
5   BELGIUM 04.07.1966 01.05.1968
6  

BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA

27.05.2003 01.09.2004
7   BULGARIA   04.11.1998 01.03.1999
8   CZECHIA 02.10.2003 01.01.2005
9   DENMARK   13.12.1999 01.12.2003
10   FRANCE 20.01.1972 01.08.1973
11   KOREA 01.08.2012 01.06.2015
12   GEORGIA 11.12.1998 20.11.2003
13   CROATIA 12.06.2006 01.06.2012
14   NETHERLANDS 05.04.1966 01.02.1968
15   ENGLAND 09.09.1959 01.06.1961
16   IRAN 16.04.2016 -
17   SWEDEN 30.06.1978 01.05.1981
18   SWİTZERLAND 01.05.1969 01.01.1972
19   ITALY 08.05.2012 01.08.2015
20   CANADA 19.06.1998 01.01.2005
   

CANADA(QUEBEC)

21.11.2000 01.01.2005
21   MONTENEGRO 15.03.2012 01.12.2015
22   KYRGYZSTAN 09.04.2018 01.11.2020
23   TRNC 23.02.2017 01.10.2020
24   LIBYA 13.09.1984 01.09.1985
25   LÜXEMBURG 20.11.2003 01.06.2006
26   HUNGARY 24.02.2015 01.04.2018
27   MACEDONIA 06.07.1998 01.07.2000
28   MONGOLIA 07.03.2018 01.03.2021
29   MOLDOVA 05.05.2017 01.06.2020
30   NORWAY 20.07.1978 01.06.1981
31   POLAND 17.10.2017 01.06.2021
32   ROMANIA 06.07.1999 01.03.2003
33   SERBIA 26.10.2009 01.12.2013
34   SLOVAKIA 25.01.2007 01.07.2013
35   TUNISIA 28.05.2013 01.04.2018